Starting a Business in Oregon
A new business in Oregon is not out of reach. So have you been wondering: how do I start a business in Oregon? And more importantly, can I do so no matter what the economic conditions are? Can I start a new business in Oregon during a recession?
New Business in Oregon: Pros and Cons
Per a 20016 article in Business Insider, Oregon is in the top twenty states to start a new business in. And this is for the whole nation. But Portland, while great for startups, is also a city where home prices are skyrocketing.
The state has an above average density of startup companies. It also ties for the tenth best business survival rate. Oregon also scores well in the availability and education level of employees.
It scores well in the business tax climate categories. And as for expenses, Inc named Eugene as one of their picks for cheapest cities to start a business in, again for the entire country.
Some Recent Slippage
Forbes praises Oregon for its great labor supply and growth prospects. The economic climate and business costs are also good. But quality of life is below average, and the regulatory environment is 40th in the country.
Fit Small Business says Oregon is number ten for taxes. Labor market (a measure of the desirability of an area and the number of people with bachelor’s degrees) and quality of life are in the middle of the road. And startup activity and access to capital are both below average. The worst are the cost of living and the cost of starting a business – both are an abysmal 45.
Anyone looking to start a business in Oregon should be mindful that they can likely find workers but they may not have bachelor’s degrees. Are you willing to invest in training?
New Business in Oregon: Initiatives
The Oregon Business Resource page gives small businesses valuable information on state programs aimed at helping them succeed.
For example, the “Building Opportunities for Oregon Small Business Today” (BOOST) Fund offers loans and grants to promising small businesses within the state. This program focuses on businesses with fewer than 100 employees.
They are in the manufacturing, processing, and distribution industries. It also offers grants of up to $2,500 per job created or trained.
Entrepreneurial Development Loan Fund
Oregon also offers small businesses access to funding through the Entrepreneurial Development Loan Fund. This Fund offers loans of up to $50,000. It is for businesses which may have been turned down by traditional lenders.
Standard Enterprise Zones Program
The Standard Enterprise Zones program offers businesses which locate or expand in one of the state’s enterprise zones an exemption from certain property taxes for up to 5 years.
Such exemptions can be combined with added tax breaks provided for creating jobs in rural areas, or in the e-commerce industry.
Oregon Investment Advantage
The Oregon Investment Advantage gives job creating businesses a 10 year income tax exemption. In addition, companies which locate in one of the almost 90 eligible communities can get a 10 year waiver on excise taxes.
Strategic Investment Program
Small businesses in Oregon’s manufacturing sector can benefit from the state’s Strategic Investment Program. This program provides resources benefiting firms located within targeted areas. This is via property tax exemptions on large capital investments.
These tax exemptions work as an Oregon business resource to help manufacturers add equipment, modernize production, and create new jobs.
Here is exactly how to start a new business in Oregon.
Start a New Business in Oregon – Oregon New Business Secretary of State Requirements
Register a Business Name
Filing for a fictitious name permits the creation of a business name separate from a business owner’s legal name. In Oregon, this is required for any business owners who want to conduct business under anything other than their ‘real and true name’.
The definition for this legal term of art is here. All businesses operating in Oregon as limited partnerships, registered limited liability partnerships, limited liability companies, professional corporations, nonprofit corporations, corporations, and professional associations must register with the Secretary of State. Check out a database of registered Oregon corporations.
Business Permits and Licenses
The Oregon government has a very helpful license directory.
Local Permits and Licenses
Check with your local municipality, city or county office or website. See if there may be any local licensing or permit requirements.
For example, in Eugene you will need to go to the Business Licenses page on the city of Eugene website.
Start a New Business in Oregon – Business Registration
The Oregon Department of Revenue will have everything you will need.
Start a New Business in Oregon – Virtual Offices
For Oregon virtual office space in Hillsboro and Lake Oswego, go to DaVinci. For Eugene, try local business owners. Or ask computer user groups for help in this area.
More options may be virtual office space in nearby states. These are California, Idaho, Nevada, and also Washington State.
Start a New Business in Oregon – Establish Business Credit
Business credit is credit in a small business’s name. It doesn’t link to an owner’s consumer credit, not even when the owner is a sole proprietor and the solitary employee of the business.
As such, an entrepreneur’s business and individual credit scores can be very different.
Due to the fact that business credit is independent from individual, it helps to protect a business owner’s personal assets, in the event of legal action or business bankruptcy.
Also, with two separate credit scores, a small business owner can get two separate cards from the same vendor. This effectively doubles purchasing power.
Another advantage is that even new ventures can do this. Going to a bank for a business loan can be a formula for disappointment. But building business credit, when done right, is a plan for success.
Consumer credit scores rely on payments but also additional components like credit usage percentages.
But for business credit, the scores truly merely hinge on whether a company pays its debts promptly.
Start a New Business in Oregon – Company Fundability™
Establishing business credit is a process, and it does not happen without effort. A company needs to be Fundable to lenders and merchants.
Therefore, a small business will need a professional-looking website and email address. And it needs to have site hosting from a company such as GoDaddy.
Additionally, company phone numbers must have a listing via ListYourself.net.
Also, the company telephone number should be toll-free (800 exchange or the like).
A company will also need a bank account devoted strictly to it, and it needs to have every one of the licenses necessary for operating.
These licenses all have to be in the specific, correct name of the small business. And they need to have the same business address and phone numbers.
So keep in mind, that this means not just state licenses, but potentially also city licenses.
Working with the IRS
Visit the IRS website and get an EIN for the company. They’re free. Choose a business entity such as corporation, LLC, etc.
A company can get started as a sole proprietor. But they will more than likely wish to change to a kind of corporation or an LLC.
This is in order to decrease risk. And it will optimize tax benefits.
A business entity will matter when it comes to tax obligations and liability in the event of litigation. A sole proprietorship means the owner is it when it comes to liability and taxes. Nobody else is responsible.
Starting the Business Credit Reporting Process
Start at the D&B web site and get a free D-U-N-S number. A D-U-N-S number is how D&B gets a small business into their system, to generate a PAYDEX score. If there is no D-U-N-S number, then there is no record and no PAYDEX score.
Once in D&B’s system, search Equifax and Experian’s web sites for the company. You can do this at www.creditsuite.com/reports. If there is a record with them, check it for correctness and completeness. If there are no records with them, go to the next step in the process.
In this manner, Experian and Equifax will have activity to report on.
First you should establish trade lines that report. This is also known as vendor credit. Then you’ll have an established credit profile, and you’ll get a business credit score.
And with an established business credit profile and score you can start to get retail and cash credit.
These kinds of accounts tend to be for the things bought all the time, like outdoor work wear, ink and toner, and office furniture.
But to start with, what is trade credit? These trade lines are credit issuers who will give you preliminary credit when you have none now. Terms are often Net 30, rather than revolving.
Therefore, if you get approval for $1,000 in vendor credit and use all of it, you need to pay that money back in a set term. So this is like within 30 days on a Net 30 account.
Vendor Credit – It Makes Sense
Not every vendor can help in the same way true starter credit can. These are vendors that will grant an approval with hardly any effort. You also need them to be reporting to one or more of the big three CRAs: Dun & Bradstreet, Equifax, and Experian.
You want 3 of these to move onto the next step.
Start a New Business in Oregon – Monitor Your Business Credit
Know what is happening with your credit. Make sure it is being reported and fix any inaccuracies as soon as possible. Get in the practice of checking credit reports. Dig into the details, not just the scores.
We can help you monitor business credit at Experian, Equifax, and D&B for 90% less.
Update Your Record
Update the details if there are errors or the information is incomplete.
Fix Your Business Credit
So, what’s all this monitoring for? It’s to contest any inaccuracies in your records. Mistakes in your credit report(s) can be taken care of. But the CRAs generally want you to dispute in a particular way. Disputing credit report inaccuracies means you precisely itemize any charges you contest.
Start a New Business in Oregon – A Word about Business Credit Building
Always use credit sensibly! Don’t borrow more than what you can pay back. Monitor balances and deadlines for repayments. Paying on schedule and completely will do more to raise business credit scores than just about anything else.
Building business credit pays. Excellent business credit scores help a company get loans. Your credit issuer knows the business can pay its financial obligations. They understand the company is for real.
The business’s EIN links to high scores and lending institutions won’t feel the need to demand a personal guarantee.
Business credit is an asset which can help your business in years to come.
Want to start a new business someplace else in America? Then check out our handy guide to starting a business in any state in the country.
Oregon’s Response to COVID-19
On April 21, it was reported that the city of Portland is receiving $114 million under the CARES Act.