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How to Set Up a New Business in Indiana

Published By Janet Gershen-Siegel at June 20th, 2019

Starting a Business in Indiana

A new business in Indiana can be yours. Have you been wondering: just how do I start a business in Indiana? And more importantly, can I do so no matter what the economic conditions are? Can I start a new business in Indiana during a recession?

New Business in Indiana: Pros and Cons

Business Insider puts Indiana in its middle ten states when it comes to starting a new business, per a 2016 article. And this is for the entire country. The state has the fourth lowest rate of new entrepreneurs. But it also has the second lowest cost of living.

Indiana has a ranking near the top for key economic indicators. These include business tax climate, the small business survival index, and several indicators relating to trade exports.

Recent Dramatic Upswing

In 2018, both Forbes and Fit Small Business placed Indiana at number eleven. Keep in mind, of course, that all three lists were created with differing methodologies.

Why the change?

At Forbes, Indiana is beloved for its regulatory environment (third best in the nation) and its quality of life. Whereas over at Fit Small Business, they like Indiana’s taxes, cost of living, and access to capital. However, Fit Small Business gives Indiana a lower ranking for quality of life, so take some of these rankings with a grain of salt.

Which is right? It will pay to do some investigating of your own. This is particularly when it comes to quality of life, which can sometimes be a tad subjective.

Start a New Business in Indiana – Indiana Top Industries

Life sciences, apparel and textiles and metal manufacturing are all strong sectors and industries in Indiana. However, the state is deliberately working to invest in and develop its high tech sector and diversify its economy. This is via several programs and funds.

The most noteworthy is its 21st Century Research and Technology Fund. The state is also putting much energy into specifically supporting small businesses through programs related to the 21 Fund.

New Business in Indiana: Opportunities

Smart business owners can take advantage of the bigger industries in the area by offering goods or services such as trucking for any industry. They can also offer inventions and manufacturing of scientific equipment. Other options are chemical manufacturing or designing fashion and fashion accessories. Another option is metallurgy, among others. Yet another option may be to center business concerns around the annual Indy 500 race.

Here is exactly how to start a new business in Indiana.

Start a New Business in Indiana – Indiana New Business Secretary of State Requirements

Register a Business Name

Any business owner can register a new business in Indiana at the Department of Revenue website.

An Indiana corporate business name must be unique. A business owner should search online records and databases to find out if the name that they have chosen is in already use by another corporation.

Go to the official website of the Secretary of State to search a database of Indiana businesses.

A business owner may decide to reserve a specific corporate name that they want until the time that they are able to incorporate. A business owner can apply online to reserve a corporate name at Reserve an Indiana Corporation Name on the official Indiana government website. It costs $10.00 to reserve a corporate name online. The reservation then will be effective for a period of 120 days.

The owner(s) of a corporation should decide on a registered agent for their corporation. The registered agent for a corporation will act as an agent for service of process. They will also receive legal and tax documents for the corporation.  There are various corporate service companies that provide registered agent services for a fee.

When a business owner is deciding on a registered agent for the corporation, they might consider using one of the older corporate services companies.

Business Permits and Licenses

The Indiana Professional License Agency provides a list of professions requiring licenses.

Local Permits and Licenses

County (but not city) clerk listings are at the Illinois Association of County Clerks and Recorders.

Start a New Business in Indiana – Business Registration

A breakdown of steps and the required forms are in the entrepreneur’s starter guide on the Indiana Secretary of State website.

Tax Registration

Go to the Business Tax page on the state Department of Revenue website.

Virtual Offices

Alliance offers Indiana virtual business office space in Indianapolis.

For South Bend virtual business office space, use Regus.

In addition, DaVinci has Indiana virtual business offices in Valparaiso. For other areas of the state, business owners might want to ask local business owners. Or they might try even computer user groups to find help in this area. Other options might include looking for virtual business office space in neighboring states. These are Illinois, Kentucky, Michigan, and Ohio.

Start a New Business in Indiana – Build Business Credit

Small business credit is credit in a company’s name. It doesn’t tie to a business owner’s personal credit, not even when the owner is a sole proprietor and the sole employee of the business.

Therefore, an entrepreneur’s business and consumer credit scores can be very different.

The Advantages

Considering that small business credit is independent from personal, it helps to safeguard a small business owner’s personal assets, in case of litigation or business bankruptcy.

Also, with two separate credit scores, a business owner can get two separate cards from the same vendor. This effectively doubles purchasing power.

Another advantage is that even startup businesses can do this. Visiting a bank for a business loan can be a recipe for disappointment. But building business credit, when done the right way, is a plan for success.

Consumer credit scores are dependent on payments but also various other elements like credit utilization percentages.

But for business credit, the scores actually just depend on whether a business pays its bills on a timely basis.

Start a New Business in Indiana Credit Suite

Learn more here and get started toward building business credit attached to your company’s EIN and not your SSN.

The Process

Growing small business credit is a process, and it does not happen without effort. A business will need to actively work to develop business credit.

Nonetheless, it can be done easily and quickly, and it is much more efficient than developing personal credit scores.

Merchants are a big part of this process.

Accomplishing the steps out of sequence will cause repetitive denials. No one can start at the top with small business credit. For instance, you can’t start with retail or cash credit from your bank. If you do, you’ll get a denial 100% of the time.

Start a New Business in Indiana – Business Fundability

A business has to be fundable to lenders and merchants.

Hence, a small business will need a professional-looking web site and e-mail address. And it needs to have site hosting bought from a vendor like GoDaddy.

Also, company phone and fax numbers should have a listing on ListYourself.net.

Also, the company telephone number should be toll-free (800 exchange or comparable).A small business will also need a bank account devoted solely to it, and it has to have every one of the licenses essential for operation.

Start a New Business in Indiana Credit Suite

Learn more here and get started toward building business credit attached to your company’s EIN and not your SSN.

Start a New Business in Indiana – Dealing with the IRS

Visit the Internal Revenue Service web site and acquire an EIN for the company. They’re totally free. Select a business entity like corporation, LLC, etc.

A business can start off as a sole proprietor. But they will more than likely wish to change to a form of corporation or an LLC.

This is in order to reduce risk. And it will maximize tax benefits.

A business entity will matter when it concerns taxes and liability in the event of a lawsuit. A sole proprietorship means the business owner is it when it comes to liability and taxes. No one else is responsible.

Sole Proprietors Take Note

If you operate a company as a sole proprietor, then at least be sure to file for a DBA. This is ‘doing business as’ status.

If you do not, then your personal name is the same as the business name. Because of this, you can end up being directly responsible for all business debts.

And also, per the IRS, by having this structure there is a 1 in 7 possibility of an IRS audit. There is a 1 in 50 possibility for corporations! Prevent confusion and substantially reduce the odds of an IRS audit at the same time.

Setting off the Business Credit Reporting Process

Begin at the D&B website and get a cost-free D-U-N-S number. A D-U-N-S number is how D&B gets a small business in their system, to produce a PAYDEX score. If there is no D-U-N-S number, then there is no record and no PAYDEX score.

Once in D&B’s system, search Equifax and Experian’s web sites for the business. You can do this at www.creditsuite.com/reports. If there is a record with them, check it for correctness and completeness. If there are no records with them, go to the next step in the process.

In this manner, Experian and Equifax will have activity to report on.

Vendor Credit Tier

First you must build trade lines that report. This is also called the vendor credit tier. Then you’ll have an established credit profile, and you’ll get a business credit score.

Start a New Business in Indiana Credit SuiteAnd with an established business credit profile and score you can start to obtain credit in the retail and cash credit tiers.

These types of accounts tend to be for the things bought all the time, like marketing materials, shipping boxes, outdoor work wear, ink and toner, and office furniture.

But first of all, what is trade credit? These trade lines are credit issuers who will give you initial credit when you have none now. Terms are often Net 30, versus revolving.

Hence, if you get an approval for $1,000 in vendor credit and use all of it, you must pay that money back in a set term, such as within 30 days on a Net 30 account.

Details

Net 30 accounts need to be paid in full within 30 days. 60 accounts must be paid fully within 60 days. In comparison with revolving accounts, you have a set time when you must pay back what you borrowed or the credit you made use of.

To launch your business credit profile properly, you should get approval for vendor accounts that report to the business credit reporting bureaus. As soon as that’s done, you can then use the credit.

Then pay back what you used, and the account is on report to Dun & Bradstreet, Experian, or Equifax.

Vendor Credit Tier – It Helps

Not every vendor can help like true starter credit can. These are vendors that will grant an approval with marginal effort. You also need them to be reporting to one or more of the big three CRAs: Dun & Bradstreet, Equifax, and Experian.

You want 5 to 8 of these to move onto the next step, which is the retail credit tier. But you may need to apply more than one time to these vendors. So, this is to demonstrate you are trustworthy and will pay punctually.

Retail Credit Tier

Once there are 5 to 8 or more vendor trade accounts reporting to at least one of the CRAs, then move onto the retail credit tier. These are companies such as Office Depot and Staples.

Only use your Social Security Number and date of birth on these applications for verification purposes. For credit checks and guarantees, use the small business’s EIN on these credit applications.

One good example is Lowe’s. They report to D&B, Equifax and Business Experian. They want to see a D-U-N-S and a PAYDEX score of 78 or more.

Fleet Credit Tier

Are there 8 to 10 accounts reporting? Then move to the fleet credit tier. These are businesses such as BP and Conoco. Use this credit to purchase fuel, and to repair, and maintain vehicles. Just use your Social Security Number and date of birth on these applications for verification purposes. For credit checks and guarantees, make certain to apply using the company’s EIN.

One such example is Shell. They report to D&B and Business Experian. They want to see a PAYDEX Score of 78 or better and a 411 company phone listing.

Shell may say they want a particular amount of time in business or profits. But if you already have sufficient vendor accounts, that won’t be necessary. And you can still get approval.

Start a New Business in Indiana Credit Suite

Learn more here and get started toward building business credit attached to your company’s EIN and not your SSN.

Cash Credit Tier

Have you been responsibly managing the credit you’ve gotten up to this point? Then progress to the cash credit tier. These are businesses such as Visa and MasterCard. Only use your SSN and date of birth on these applications for verification purposes. For credit checks and guarantees, use your EIN instead.

One such example is the Fuelman MasterCard. They report to D&B and Equifax Business. They want to see a PAYDEX Score of 78 or more. And they also want you to have 10 trade lines reporting on your D&B report.

Plus, they want to see a $10,000 high credit limit reporting on your D&B report (other account reporting).

Additionally, they want you to have an established small business.

These are businesses such as Walmart and Dell, and also Home Depot, BP, and Racetrac. These are often MasterCard credit cards. If you have 14 trade accounts reporting, then these are in reach.

A Monitor Your Business Credit

Know what is happening with your credit. Make certain it is being reported and deal with any mistakes ASAP. Get in the practice of taking a look at credit reports and digging into the specifics, and not just the scores.

We can help you monitor business credit at Experian and D&B for only $24/month. See: www.creditsuite.com/monitoring.

Update Your Information

Update the info if there are mistakes or the info is incomplete.

Fix Your Business Credit

So, what’s all this monitoring for? It’s to contest any mistakes in your records. Mistakes in your credit report(s) can be fixed. But the CRAs typically want you to dispute in a particular way.

Disputes

Disputing credit report inaccuracies generally means you mail a paper letter with duplicates of any proof of payment with it. These are documents like receipts and cancelled checks. Never mail the originals. Always send copies and keep the originals.

Fixing credit report errors also means you specifically detail any charges you challenge. Make your dispute letter as crystal clear as possible. Be specific about the problems with your report. Use certified mail so that you will have proof that you mailed in your dispute.

A Word about Building Business Credit

Always use credit responsibly! Never borrow more than what you can pay off. Monitor balances and deadlines for payments. Paying on time and completely will do more to increase business credit scores than pretty much anything else.

Establishing company credit pays. Excellent business credit scores help a company get loans. Your lender knows the small business can pay its debts. They know the small business is for real.

The business’s EIN connects to high scores and lenders won’t feel the need to request a personal guarantee.

Business credit is an asset which can help your business for years to come.

Learn more here and get started toward opening a new business in Indiana.

Want to start a new business someplace else in America? Then check out our handy guide to starting a business in any state in the country.

 

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