• Home
  • Blog
  • Decoding Equifax’s Credit Risk Score

Decoding Equifax’s Credit Risk Score

Reviewed by Ty Crandall

November 15, 2023


Decoding Equifax Credit Risk Score Credit Suite

Equifax’s Risk Score is a product developed by this credit reporting agency to help businesses understand what it is they are getting into. So this is with references to businesses (and even people) when it comes to loaning money or extending credit. The concept behind it is to show the risk of a default within a set period of time. Lenders will look at reports from all credit report agencies. And they will include Equifax when performing a business credit check. It’s time to start decoding Equifax credit risk score in an Equifax credit report.

Decoding Equifax Credit Risk Score: The Credit Risk Score in a Nutshell (Equifax Reporting)

Equifax’s Risk Score serves as an enhanced risk model. It is meant to aid in predicting the probability of a business becoming 90 or more days late within 24 calendar months.

This report provides a rank-ordered risk perspective. It is to try to support more informed credit decisions. And it’s also to help to minimize risk exposure and to increase portfolio profitability. The idea is to strengthen a business across all portions of the life cycle of an account. Do so with comprehensive scoring tools backed by available Equifax business credit information.

Decoding Equifax Credit Risk Score: Deeper Credit Evaluation on an Equifax Credit Report Drives Smarter Credit Decisions for Creditors

The Equifax Risk Score is designed to deliver a multi-faceted business viewpoint. So it is based on factors such as depth of credit information, length of credit history, and delinquency history.

They break five separate scorecards down with a combination of statistical analysis and business requirements. This is in order to create the most comprehensive business perspective the company can possibly provide. The Equifax Risk Score is meant to help pinpoint new marketing and cross-sell opportunities. It can also help to identify areas of risk exposure when it is combined with the Equifax Bankruptcy Navigator Index.

With the Equifax Risk Score, the company provides a predictive perspective. So this is in order to help in speeding up credit decisions. While at the same time it adds a layer of protection against risk at every point in the life cycle of the account. The Equifax Risk Score is meant to help businesses to increase their targeting precision. It can help them to appreciate new expansion opportunities and streamline their collections efforts. It can also help to mitigate their risk exposure with powerful scoring insights.

Decoding Equifax Credit Risk Score: Key Benefits for Creditors in Equifax Reporting

The key benefits are as follows:

Strengthen Portfolio Quality

When companies look to develop and build a portfolio of investments, the report is intended to help show which are the better investments. Or it can at least show which are the worst investments to avoid.

Discover our Get Business Credit guide, with everything you need to know about building credit for your business.

Increase Acquisition

When better investment opportunities are on the report, companies presumably will be more interested in making investments

Manage Risk Exposure

This is for companies looking to extend business credit. The idea behind the Equifax Risk Score is to better predict a late payment.

Drive More Effective Collections

For companies on the credit-giving side of the equation, the Equifax Credit Risk Score is a means of understanding which companies are the least uncertain credit risks. When a company only works with less risky debtors, then collections should be easier.

Decoding Equifax Credit Risk Score: What is a Credit Risk Score? What Debtors and Businesses Seeking Credit Need to Know

The Equifax Credit Risk Score is the product of company research and records. It comes from many of the same things which drive any business credit score, namely:

  • Time in business
  • Credit utilization rate
  • The number and amount of UCC blanket liens
  • The number and size of liens and judgments
  • Any bankruptcies on the record
  • Payment history
  • The number and size of delinquent payments, if any
  • A comparison between the company in question and other, similar businesses within the same overall industrydecoding-Equifax-credit-risk-score-Credit-Suite2

Decoding Equifax Credit Risk Score: What is a Good Credit Score with Equifax? Here’s How to Improve the Score

Much like with all other credit scoring mechanisms, your small business will do best if you pay your debts on time and in full. And you should do so as often as possible. So this is 100% of the time, if that is at all possible. You will also need to keep your overall credit utilization rate at 30% or less of your total available credit. And try to avoid judgments, liens, and bankruptcies as well as you can.

Decoding the Equifax credit risk score also means looking at reports. Let’s also look at how you can navigate and improve your Equifax business credit report.

Decoding Equifax Credit Risk Score: Your Equifax Business Credit Report

Let’s consider your actual Equifax business credit report. It is in sections.

Company Identifying Information

The first area is for identifying information pertaining to your company, e. g. the business name, and its address and telephone number. But is also data such as whether or not your small business is a corporation. And it shows the date you first went into business. This part will also consist of the number of employees and your business’s yearly sales. This component will also show if there are any alerts. It is immediately below the date.

These initial sections serve as a synopsis of the remainder of the report.


The following part consists of two scores:

  1. Your small business credit risk score for suppliers and
  2. Your business failure risk score.

So #1 is what we’re working on for decoding Equifax credit risk score.

Public Records

Next off, the report shows public records. These consist of bankruptcies, judgments, and liens, and display the amounts, if any, and the filing dates of the most recent ones . This area also demonstrates how these matters were satisfied, e.g. if there was a settlement for the lien.

Credit Usage

The next component is a pie chart showing your business’s credit usage. It graphically shows which percent of your available credit line you are taking advantage of. And it has identifying labels which show how much each percentage truly is. So this is your credit utilization rate.

Discover our Get Business Credit guide, with everything you need to know about building credit for your business.

Credit Report Summary

In the summary section, the report presents the quantity of your business’s credit accounts, and the date these credit accounts became active. Plus it shows any amounts past due, and your most severe status within the last 24 months. So this is how slowly you have paid off your debts. It also has the single highest amount of credit extended, the median balance, and the average open balance.

All of these elements are split into financial and non-financial categories. They also list your business’s recent activity. This includes the number of new accounts opened or delinquent accounts, the number of inquiries, and the number of updated accounts.

This section also includes a line graph which represents a trend line showing your company’s average days beyond terms by reporting date. So this is for your non-financial accounts only. The report will point out the recent trend, and how many days, if any your company is behind terms. This section also shows your business’s payment index and contrasts it to your company’s business sector.

Financial Account Highlights and Details for the Most Recent 36 Months

This next sector adds basic information on financial accounts including commercial credit cards and leases, showing status; open and closed dates; original and current credit limits; balance; past due amount, if any; and your company’s 24-month history.

So it begins with highlights and then goes into detail.

The details subsection expands on the highlights part by adding information such as the payment amount and frequency. And it shows if a debt is secured. Secured vs. unsecured credit matters a good deal in case of a bankruptcy. This is because secured creditors get a favorable place in line for limited assets.

Financial Account Payment Details

This next part shows balances, past due amounts, aging categories, and dates of first delinquency, if any, for the most recent 12 month period.

Non-Financial Payment Credit Experiences and Status

The following part shows trade accounts and the like, and also includes balances, aging categories, and a 24-month history.

Public Records

Next up are public records. This section shows more in-depth information on judgments, liens, and bankruptcies.

Decisioning Details

The next piece shows the particulars of what went into your business failure risk summary report.

Discover our Get Business Credit guide, with everything you need to know about building credit for your business.

Additional information

The concluding piece of the report shows any DBA information and any related files. Plus it has any other more or less miscellaneous facts which may be in a report. So this can include comments.

Decoding Equifax Credit Risk Score: Improve Your Equifax Report

Since you know what goes into it, you can see what some of the crucial pieces of information Equifax inspects are. So these are public records, credit usage, and how you handle your financial and non-financial accounts. So clear your debts as fast as possible and don’t go delinquent. Keep your credit utilization within reason. So the best is less than 30% of your overall available credit.

And steer clear of overdue payments. Then you should have the chance to enhance your Equifax score. And start decoding Equifax credit risk score!

About the author 

Janet Gershen-Siegel

Janet Gershen-Siegel is the seasoned Finance Writer and a former content manager at Credit Suite. She has been admitted to practice law for over 30 years, with a focus on litigation and product liability, and is a published author, with writing credits at Entrepreneur, FedSmith.com and BusinessingMag.com.

She has a BA in Philosophy from Boston University, a JD from the Delaware Law School of Widener University, and a MS in Interactive Media (Social Media) from Quinnipiac University.

She regularly writes for Credit Suite, which helps businesses improve Fundability™, build credit, and get approved for loans and credit lines.

Her specialties: business credit, business credit cards, business funding, crowdfunding, and law

{"email":"Email address invalid","url":"Website address invalid","required":"Required field missing"}

Stay In The Loop

Subscribe to our weekly newsletter that delivers the most actionable, tactical, and timely business financing tips you actually want and need for Free
*Plus get instant access to the 3-part Fundability™ training - a systems that helps your business become more Fundable and makes you look great to credit issuers and lenders