Published By Faith Stewart at February 18th, 2019
There are a number of available business funding types. Choosing the right one for your business can be tricky. It might be business financing, but it may be another option entirely.
There are many options when it comes to funding your business. All of them move your business toward the same goal. That is the goal of success. That is where the similarities between available business funding types ends however.
Some of them require a personal guarantee. This means they will do a credit check on your personal credit score. Others rely on your business credit. There are those that only care about receivables or open invoices. Some options do not even require repayment.
Which ones will work best for you and your business? It depends. You have to know more about each of the available business funding types before you can make an educated decision. It is necessary to know the differences between them, what the qualifications are, and if you even have access to them before you can begin to think about making a decision.
We break it down for you here in our essential guide so you can make the best decision possible for your business.
These are the loans that you go to the bank to get. As a business, your business credit score can help you get some types of funding even if your personal score isn’t awesome. That isn’t necessarily the case with this type of funding however.
With a traditional lender term loan, you are almost always going to have to give a personal guarantee. This means they will check your personal credit. If your personal credit score isn’t in order, you will likely not get approval.
What kind of personal credit score do you need to have in order to qualify for a traditional term loan? If you have at least a 750 you are in pretty good shape. Sometimes you can get approval with a score of 700+, but the terms will not be as favorable.
If you have really great business credit, your lender might be more inclined to be a little more flexible. However, your personal credit score will still weigh heavily on the terms and interest rate.
Of all of the available business funding types, this is the hardest to get. It is usually worth the trouble though if possible, because it often has the best rates and terms.
These are traditional bank loans, but they have a guarantee from the federal government. The Small Business Administration, or SBA, works with lenders to offer small businesses funding solutions that they may not be able to get based on their own credit history. Because of the government guarantee, lenders are able to relax a little on the personal credit score requirements.
In fact, it is possible to get an SBA microloan with a personal credit score between 620 and 640. These are very small loans, up to $50,000. They may require personal collateral as well.
The trade-off with SBA loans is that the application progress is lengthy. There is a ton of red tape connected with these types of loans.
This is basically the traditional lender’s version of a business credit card. The credit is revolving, meaning you only pay back what you use, just like a credit card. Rates are typically much better than a credit card. The application and approval process, however, is more similar to that of a traditional term loan.
If you need revolving credit and can qualify for a term loan, this is the best of the available business funding types for you. It is great for bridging cash gaps and covering short term expenses without the high credit card interest rates.
There are no cash back rewards or loyalty points, though. This makes some business owners prefer business credit cards in some cases, despite higher interest rates.
When you apply for financing from traditional lenders, they will always ask for certain information. This is regardless of whether you are applying for a line of credit, an SBA loan, or a traditional term loan. You will need to provide, at a minimum:
While this list is not exhaustive, it is a good start for what you need to have together before you begin the application process for these types of business funding.
If you are an established business with accounts receivable, invoice factoring is one of the available business funding types that you have access to. This is where the lender buys your outstanding invoices at a premium, and then collects the full amount themselves. You get cash right away, without waiting for your customers to pay the invoices.
This is a good option if you need cash fast, or you do not qualify for other available business funding types. The interest rate varies based on the age of the receivables.
If you accept credit cards, you may be able to get a merchant cash advance. This is similar to invoice factoring, but instead of buying your open invoices, the lender advances cash based on expected credit card sales.
These are lenders other than traditional banks and credit unions that offer terms loans. Usually they operate online. Occasionally they will have a brick and mortar location as well. The difference between these and traditional lenders is that the loans have looser approval requirements and a much faster application process. Most often you can simply apply online, get approval in as little as 24 hours, and the funds are in your account within 24 to 48 hours after approval.
These are an option if your personal credit isn’t terrible and you need funding fast.
There has been an explosion of non-traditional lenders onto the scene in recent years. Some are better than others. Be sure to research each one thoroughly. Check them out on the Better Business Bureau website and read online reviews to get a good start.
Crowdfunding is a newer option for finding investors. While the average Joe that wants to start a business needs funding, it is not always possible to find one or two large investors. With crowdfunding, you can literally have a “crowd” of investors fund your business $5 and $10 at the time.
There are many crowdfunding sites, but the most popular are Kickstarter and Indiegogo. The platforms are similar but there are some important differences. The most obvious is the timing of when you actually receive the funds that other invest in your company.
Kickstarter requires a preset goal, and you do not receive your funds until you reach your goal. For example, if you set a goal of $10,000 when you start your campaign, you will not receive any money that investors offer up until you reach that $10,000.
Indiegogo requires a goal as well, but they offer the option to receive funds as you go if you prefer. They also have an option called InDemand. This program allows you to continue raising funds after your original campaign is over without starting a whole new campaign. It is more of an extension of the first one.
There are other crowdfunding sites out there as well. Different ones work better for certain businesses and vendors. To determine which one you might have the most luck with, you will need to do some research. Keep in mind your type of business and the specific business each one appeals too.
Crowdfunding is a good starting point for a new business, but it shouldn’t be relied upon completely. You need a backup plan. Only a small percentage of crowdfunding campaigns are successful. Also, consider the state of the economy before you rely to heavily on crowdfunding. If the economy isn’t booming, people will not be as likely to invest.
While there are not a lot of these out there, this branch of the available business funding types tree is more common that you think probably. Typically, these are offered by professional organizations. There are some government grants available also. Competition can be stiff, but they are definitely worth a shot if you think you may qualify.
While requirements vary from grant to grant, and most are only awarded to a certain number of recipients, this is of one of the available funding types worth looking into if you fall into one of these basic categories.
There are also some corporations that offer grants in a contest format that do not require much other than that you meet the corporation’s definition of a small business and win the contest.
Federal government small business grants run through the Small Business Administration, but they are rarely awarded directly to a business. Instead, they award the grant to local nonprofits or governments to disburse as grants to small businesses in their communities. To find these, check with local economic development agencies and governmental entities to find out what available business funding types they have.
Another place to look is the local Small Business Development Center, or SBDC. These offer support to local small businesses and are generally related to a local college, university, or economic development center.
As a general rule, they do not offer grants themselves. They can, however, point you in the right direction. They know where the money is, who qualifies, and how to start the application process. These agencies also offer many other services to small businesses, making them a great resource regardless.
Corporate grants are another great option if you do business in an area where they are available. Companies like FedEx and LendingTree have grant contests each year.
Grants are a great possibility at any stage of business. Similar to crowdfunding however, they shouldn’t be counted on too heavily. Funds are limited and competition is fierce. A backup plan is definitely necessary if you are planning to use the funds for a specific purpose.
These may get a bad rap, but in lieu of another option, they can actually do the trick quite nicely. The allure is that these are available much more readily even with a credit score that isn’t awesome. To be fair, the lower the credit score, the higher the interest rate. Also, there are limits on how low they will go with a credit score.
However, this is one of the available business funding types that most of the general public are eligible for at any given time. They do a credit check, but your credit doesn’t have to be as high as it would be to gain approval for a traditional loan.
The downside of business credit cards is that they typically have a high interest rate. The upside is that many of them offer rewards in the form of cash or points that can be helpful.
Apply for business credit cards with your business name and EIN to get them without a personal credit check. If you do not yet have a business credit score, you need to get one. Find more about how to establish and build business credit here.
A credit line hybrid is revolving, unsecured financing. It allows you to fund your business without putting up collateral, and you only pay back what you use.
There are many benefits to using a credit line hybrid. First, it is unsecured, meaning you do not have to have any collateral to put up. Next, the funding is “no-doc.” This means you do not have to provide any bank statements or financials.
Additionally, often you can get interest rates as low as 0% for the first few months, allowing you to put that savings back into your business.
The process is pretty fast, especially with a qualified expert to walk you through it. One other benefit is this. With the approval for multiple credit cards, competition is created. This makes it easier, and likely even if you handle the credit responsibly, that you can get interest rates lowered and limits raised every few months.
It doesn’t matter what type of business you own or whether or not you need funding at this moment. If you own a business you need to know what the available business funding types are, which ones you currently qualify for, and how to qualify for those that are not currently available to you.
You also need to know which types of funding work best in various situations. Once you know these things, you can make an informed decision about how to best fund your business in each stage.